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Paranasal Sinus Infections in Children: Complications Not to Be Missed!

Paranasal Sinus Infections in Children: Complications Not to Be Missed!

Description & Learning Objectives
Paranasal sinus infections are diseases most commonly seen during childhood and can cause serious complications in advanced cases that would have been prevented or limited with timely and appropriate diagnosis and treatment. The paranasal sinuses continue to develop from birth to 20 years of age, and the age of the patient must be always considered in the diagnosis and treatment. Due to the proximity to vital tissues and organs, paranasal sinus infections may spread and cause infections of orbital, intracranial, vascular, and osseous structures. Neuroimaging is essential in the accurate diagnosis and early detection of these complications. While CT is mostly used in cases involving the bone, MR imaging is superior in cases involving soft tissues. The aim of this article is to review the current knowledge of paranasal sinus infections and to discuss and demonstrate the imaging appearance of paranasal sinus infections and associated complications.

Upon completion of this activity, participants will gain strategies to describe the development of the normal paranasal sinuses and discuss the standard of care imaging techniques and the imaging findings of paranasal sinus infection with its common and rare complications in children.
Instructions for Participation
To complete this activity, learners will read an article and submit a course evaluation. Once all elements are completed, a certificate will be automatically added to your transcript.
Credit Dates
Available: 8/10/2023
Expires: 8/9/2026

Planners & Faculty
ASNR would like to thank the following individuals for reviewing this article.
Joshua Nickerson, Editor in Chief
Robert Quencer, Consulting Editor
Toshio Moritani, Associate Editor
Meng Law, Associate Editor
Edward Escott, Associate Editor
Levi Chazen, Associate Editor
Scott Faro, Associate Editor
Susan Palasis, Associate Editor
Katyucia de Macedo Rodriguez, Associate Editor

Accreditation Statement
The American Society of Neuroradiology is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The American Society of Neuroradiology designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

In compliance with ACCME requirements and guidelines, ASNR has developed a policy for disclosure and review of potential conflicts of interest and a method for resolution if a conflict does exist. ASNR maintains a tradition of scientific integrity and objectivity in its educational activities. In order to preserve these values and ensure its educational activities are independent and free of commercial bias, all individuals, including planners, presenters, moderators and evaluators, participating in an ASNR educational activity, or an activity jointly provided by ASNR must disclose all relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies, as defined by the ACCME. Unless listed below, all planners and individuals in control of content have nothing to disclose.

Authors have no disclosures.

Meng Law: Stockholder, Clinical Imaging
Edward Escott: Grant, Atherysys, Inc.; Royalties, Thieme Medical Publishers
Levi Chazen: Grant, Athersys; Stock Ownership or Private Investments: Amgen, Catalent, Charles River Labs, Intuitive Surgical, Stryker, United Health Group
Scott Faro: Royalties, Springer Publications