Thank you This live web event has ended. Thank you for attending. Contributors Alfredo Morabia, MD, PhD, Editor-in-Chief, American Journal of Public Health MODERATOR Alfredo Morabia is a Swiss American doctor, epidemiologist and historian. He is currently professor of epidemiology at the Barry Commoner Center for Health and the Environment at Queens College, City University of New York. He is the Principal Investigator of the World Trade Center-Heart cohort study, and he lectures and teaches on the history of epidemiology internationally in English, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Italian. He also serves as the Editor-in-Chief of the American Journal of Public Health and is also editor of "Epidemiology in History" in the American Journal of Epidemiology and was supported by the National Library of Medicine to write about the history of epidemiology. Caswell A. Evans, DDS, MPH, Professor Emeritus, Pediatric Dentistry, Prevention and Public Health, University of Illinois Chicago, former APHA president Caswell A. Evans, Jr., DDS, MPH, is an emeritus professor after 15 years serving as associate dean for Prevention and Public Health Sciences at the University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Dentistry; and faculty member at the UIC School of Public Health. He served 13 years as a mayoral-appointed member of the Chicago Board of Health and served two terms as a gubernatorial appointed member on the Illinois Board of Health. Prior to joining the UIC faculty, he was the executive editor and project director for Oral Health in America: A Report of the U.S. Surgeon General, released by U.S. Surgeon General David Satcher in 2000. For the previous 12 years, Dr. Evans was director of Public Health Programs and Services, and assistant director of the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. He is an elected member of the National Academy of Medicine and was a member of NAM Committee on Improving Access to Oral Health Care for Vulnerable and Underserved Populations. He served a three-year term as co-chair of the NAM’s Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professions Education. Dr. Evans is a past president of the American Public Health Association, the American Association of Public Health Dentistry, the American Board of Dental Public Health and the Institute of Medicine of Chicago. He was honored with the Champion of Prevention Award from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Paul A. Braff, PhD, MS Paul Braff, MS, is a historian of public health and race in twentieth century America. He was a Research Fellow at the Consortium for History of Science, Technology and Medicine and has presented his work at Shanghai University, John Hopkins University, the New York Academy of Medicine, and for the American Association for the History of Medicine. His work has appeared in a variety of journals, including the American Journal of Public Health and Perspectives on History. He received his PhD from Temple University and is currently working for Northeastern University on the book The Historical-Sociology of Boston: Building, Rebuilding, & Protesting, which will be out this fall and centers on the idea of what constitutes a "healthy community." Phoebe Ann Pollitt, PhD, RN, author and retired associate professor of nursing at Appalachian State University in Boone, North Carolina Phoebe Ann Pollitt, PhD, RN, practiced public health nursing in the mountains of North Carolina for 40 years. She retired as an associate professor of nursing at Appalachian State University in Boone, North Carolina in 2019 and recently retired again after spending a year at the local health department giving COVID vaccinations and tests. She has written more than 60 articles and four books. Phoebe has two sons and three grandchildren who are the light of her life and she is currently praying for peace in the world.