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The Association Between Oral Health and Lung Disease


2022 AADOCR/CADR Annunal Meeting

The 51st Annual Meeting of the AADOCR was held in conjunction with the 46th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research, from March 14-26 as a hybrid experience with 839 individuals from 18 countries attending in person in Atlanta, GA and 692 individuals from 21 countries attending virtually. 

The recordings in this library from the meeting are a selection of the science that was to be presented as part of the Annual Meeting. These recordings give you the opportunity to participate in the meeting and hear from leading researchers. The recordings include IADR Distinguished Lecture Series speakers and symposia from a collection of scientific groups and networks.

This session can be purchased as part of the full meeting recordings within the product bundles





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Session Description 
Pneumonia is a leading contributor to death worldwide. Hospital acquired pneumonia is the most serious hospital acquired infection (HAI), with non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia (NVHAP) representing the majority of cases in acute care hospital settings. NVHAP is associated with high ICU utilization rates, increased use of antibiotics, high readmission rates, and is the most common pathway to sepsis. An important route for acquiring NVHAP is through colonization of the mouth with gram-negative bacteria responsible for 50-80% of NVHAP cases. Poor oral hygiene allows dental biofilms to accumulate and is linked with NVHAP since both commensal and exogenous pathogenic organisms are often contained within the biofilms. Also, patients admitted to the hospital already have depressed immune systems, making them more prone to secondary infections, including those caused by bacteria that grow in the oral cavity and actively travel to the lungs. A recent study conducted to understand if utilization of dental services as a proxy for good oral health prior to hospitalization predicts risk for NVHAP and opens a door to NVHAP prevention will pe presented.

Learning Objectives
  • Review the biological plausibility and clinical efficacy of oral care interventions to prevent lung disease in vulnerable populations.
  • Examine trends in incidence of non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia among patients enrolled in Medicaid from 2013-2019.
  • Discuss oral care as a modifiable risk factor in the prevention of non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia.

Presentation Date
March 23, 2022

Presenters
Frank Scannapieco - Oral care to prevent lung disease: an overview of the state of the science
Karen Giuliano - Incidence and impact of non-ventilator hospital acquired pneumonia among patients enrolled in Medicaid
Madhuli Thakkar - The role of oral care as prevention for non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia

Sponsoring Groups/Networks
Behavioral, Epidemiologic, and Health Services Research, Periodontal Research, Women in Science Network

CE Credits
1.5 Contact Hours

Financial Interest Disclosure:
Julie Frantsve-Hawley and Madhuli Thakkar- Samtani are both full-time employees of CareQuest Institute for Oral Health.


Not eligible for individual purchase must purchase as part of a meeting bundle.