Wrong-way drivers, especially on freeways, pose a serious risk to the safety of themselves and other motorists. On average, wrong-way driving (WWD) crashes result in about 355 fatalities each year. WWD mitigation has therefore been on the national front, with several states tackling this issue from several avenues, focusing on the 4E’s, i.e., Engineering, Education, Enforcement, and Emergency Medical Services; policy-oriented changes; and adopting state-of-the-art technology to detect, verify, and respond to WWD incidents in real-time. Understanding the seriousness of WWD incidents, the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) has endeavored to continually explore ways for strategically drafting, designing, and deploying countermeasures while proactively identifying areas that can help mitigate these incidents. FDOT’s strategy has included policy-oriented changes propelled by the leadership’s commitment and vision to create actionable WWD initiatives; extensive research on understanding the underlying WWD crash patterns and causes, and driver behavior while intoxicated; motivation to implement and compare several pilot countermeasures; and vision to develop a comprehensive WWD countermeasure implementation plan. This presentation discusses the efforts FDOT has undertaken to tackle WWD problem in Florida. It focuses on the FDOT’s strategy pertaining to the statewide policy, several recently completed WWD-related research projects, pilot WWD countermeasure implementation projects, and the ongoing WWD mitigation efforts.
- State-of-the-practice in mitigating WWD incidents
- FDOT’s efforts in tackling WWD issue in Florida
- The process-centric approach adopted by FDOT in developing the WWD Countermeasure Implementation Plan